Category 1: Participative Institutions of the poor at the base
All of these institutions promote livelihood strategies and activities as well as empowerment, which we define as “discipline to attend meetings weekly, confidence to speak, to take decisions, to take risk and to lobby for change and against any form of oppression”. Some of them focus on providing market linkages, improving the management of water and quality of soil, on promoting sanitation and environmental management; some of them have recently been pro-active in promoting action against domestic violence, early marriage and female foeticide.
Category 2: Middle level representative Peoples Institutions
These are largely federations of the category 1 type of institutions. Examples included the community managed resource centres, Soukhya Samudhaya Samasthe (SSS).
Category 3: Technical and supportive institutions for Category 1 and 2
Institutions managed by people who are not the poor but which are totally dedicated to support the poor by providing financial services, training in institutional building and livelihood skills and in providing technical support such as CIDORRs/SNFTTE etc.
|Category 1 institutions – community level||Category 2 institutions – federation level|
|Self-help affinity groups (SAG)* – Affinity based groups of between 15-20 members engaged in savings and credit activities as well as other development activities in their village/area||6162||Community Managed Resource Centres (CMRCs)||77|
|Soukhya groups (SAGs of sex-workers with focus on health)||669||SAG federations – federations of around 15-20 SAGs that act as a lobbying force for SAGs||455|
|Watershed area groups – groups of farmers/inhabitants of watershed areas/catchments where land treatment activities are implemented||608||Soukhya federations (federations of Soukhya groups||44|
|Organic farmers association – registered bodies of farmers following organic farming practices||3||Soukhya Samudhaya Samasthe – district level registered societies comprising representatives from the Soukhya groups acting working for protecting the interests of its members, i.e. sex workers||5|
|Rosemary oil farmers association – registered bodies of Rosemary growers||3||Category 3 institutions – support level|
|MASS||1||Sanghamitra Rural Financial Services||1|
|MEADOW – Association of Women’s Enterprise; group of women entrepreneurs of Hosur district running a unit manufacturing watch straps for the watch company Titan. MEADOW is registered as a company||1||CIDORRs Training Centres||10|
|Kabini Organic Producers Co. – a Producers’ Company of Organic Cotton Farmers||1||Non formal technical training centres – Provides technical skills training to school drop outs and places them with local industry. Kinds of training provided includes masonry, driving, welding, etc.||1|
|Farmers’ Producers’ Organisations (FPO) – Groups of farmers based on the commodities that they grow, eg – toor dal, ragi, etc.||8||Myrada KVK ( Farmer’s Science School)||1|
|Joint Liability Producers Group||57||MYKAPS – NGO||1|
*Though Myrada has formed over 14000 SAGs since its inception, some of them have either disbanded or merged with other existing groups.